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Author: proeye

Eye Exams: Detecting the Signs We Can’t See

As adults age, many will develop eye diseases that could become debilitating if not treated in time. But people can protect themselves by having eye exams that can spot early and often hidden signs of eye disease. Find out how the American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends that you care for your eyes. Learn more at

Are styes contagious and what can I do about them?

Styes aren’t contagious, and most of the time you can treat them at home. Styes are very common. It’s kind of like a pimple on the eyelid. They will usually go away in a few days if you apply a clean, warm compress to your closed eyelid for 10 to 15 minutes, 3 to 4 times a day. Andrew Iwach, MD, tells you what you need to know about styes and how to take care of them. For more information about styes and other eye conditions, visit the American Academy of Ophthalmology’s EyeSmart website:…

Contact Lenses: No Prescription, No Way

Making your eyes look cool for Halloween with decorative contact lenses can be dangerous if you don’t follow the right steps. Even those with perfect vision should get an eye exam and a prescription before buying any contact lenses. Say no to over-the-counter lenses. Learn more at

What You Need to Know About Dry Eyes


Dry eye is a complex disease that has many causes that often overlap and interact. For many people, a few simple lifestyle changes can resolve dry eye. Dry eye occurs when the eye does not produce enough tears or when the quality of the tears can’t keep the surface of the eye adequately lubricated. It frequently occurs with other health conditions. Environmental triggers, such as pollution or the weather, play a role. Sometimes it’s caused by medications, such as antihistamines, asthma medication or birth control pills. It can be made worse by computer or contact lens use. If your eyes remain red and irritated after trying these tips, see your ophthalmologist, a physician who specialize in medical and surgical eye care.


Dry eye diseases can have a number of causes. There are a variety of treatment approaches are used. For most people with occasional or mild dry eye symptoms, over-the-counter eyedrops (artificial tears) can help significantly. If your symptoms are persistent and more serious, your eye doctor can offer other options or switch medications that may be inducing dry eye.

Here are some of the options to treat dry eye:

  • Antibiotic to reduce eyelid inflammation. Inflammation along the edge of your eyelids can keep oil glands from secreting oil into your tears.
  • Eyedrops to control cornea inflammation. Inflammation on the cornea, the surface of your eyes, may be controlled with prescription eyedrops that contain cyclosporine.
  • Eye inserts that work like artificial tears. Inserted between your lower eyelid and your eyeball, these tiny inserts dissolve slowly, releasing an eye lubricant.
  • Tear-stimulating drugs. These drugs are available as pills, gel or eyedrops.
  • Tear-stimulating devices. A new device inserted in the nose stimulates a nerve to produce tears.
  • Eyedrops made from your own blood. These are called autologous blood serum drops.
  • Closing your tear ducts with a tiny silicone plug to reduce tear loss.
  • Unblocking oil glands, using light therapy or eyelid massage.
  • Treating an eyelid condition with surgery. Ectropion, a condition that turns lids outward, preventing the lid from closing completely.

Content provided by the AAO through the Eyesmart program.